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Academic Success

|ˌakəˈdemik|| səkˈses|


n.noun

Academic success is an academic term, used to describe a person's individual success in completing a personal, academic accomplishment. Academic Success is achieved in numerous ways, but typically marks a personal benchmark of one’s academic achievement.

Academic success is a subjective term, and one that is personally unique to the individual student and their academic goals. While one student’s success is based upon whether or not they earn the highest marks in the class, another student’s academic success may mean to achieve simply high enough marks to graduate.

Whether a person’s personal, academic success is to be accepted into an Ivy League school or earn their GED, one constant factor remains for all of those who earn academic success: It takes hard work. Only those who give their absolute best, day in and day out academically, are those who achieve, true academic success. 

Active lifestyle

/ac.tive/ /life.style/

n.noun

An active lifestyle can be simplified in saying it is a way of healthy living. An active lifestyle is simply a proactive approach to all aspects of living and understanding that all aspects of life are related to one another.

Individuals, who consciously choose to engage in living an active lifestyle, almost always happier than individuals who live by more reactive standards. By making the efforts to eat healthily and act in some level of physical fitness, an individual is less likely to fall victim to psychological disorders and a life of mediocrity. An active lifestyle is vital for balancing hormones and stimulating energy levels. By choosing to live a less avenue of lifestyle, a person is likely to be lazy and depressed, further causing problems within their personal life.

When a person chooses to act on proactive lifestyle choices, that individual is open to more opportunities. For example, employers are more likely to employ a fit and active individual based on their optimistic and proactive disposition.

Addiction treatment

(ə-dĭk′shən) (trēt′mənt)


n.noun

Addiction treatment is a specialized treatment the assists those who suffer from harmful, self-destructive addictions. Addiction treatment usually referred to as, rehabilitation treatment, is a treatment facility that is staffed by psychiatric professionals. These psychiatric professionals are in charge of assisting addicts in reversing their dangerous, potentially fatal, disease of addiction.

Like traditional therapy, addiction treatment professionals treat client’s underlying issues that may be the cause of their addictive habits. By treating the problem at the source, addictive treatment specialists can eradicate the addiction permanently.

Troubled teens are a group of adolescents who typically suffer from some harmful addiction, or habitual practice. For this reason, it is imperative for any parent of an addicted teen to seek therapeutic care for their child. Residential treatment for troubled teens is a viable treatment option for parents of addicted teens to consider.

Adolescent Psychiatric Treatment

Adolescent psychiatric treatments are treatments that are particularly specialized to treat the mental state of teenagers. Since adolescents process information differently than a fully grown adult, it is imperative that they receive treatment that best suits the needs of their mental capabilities as an individual. For this reason, it is crucial for parents to seek adolescent psychiatric treatments for their child if they require professional, psychological care.

Adolescent psychiatric treatments vary considerably in terms of what types of treatments are offered. There are simple one-on-one therapy sessions for teens who suffer from mild depression and other less severe afflictions, all the way to 24-hour treatment centers for teens who suffer from severe psychological issues.

A child, who struggles with drug addictions and severe depression, requires a much more intense treatment program, like that of 24-hour care. This type of child would not benefit from a weekly visit to the therapist, but instead, would benefit from 24-hour psychiatric treatment, provided by a wilderness therapy program.

Adolescent psychiatric treatments are treatments that are particularly specialized to treat the mental state of teenagers. Since adolescents process information differently than a fully grown adult, it is imperative that they receive treatment that best suits the needs of their mental capabilities as an individual. For this reason, it is crucial for parents to seek adolescent psychiatric treatments for their child if they require professional, psychological care.

Adolescent psychiatric treatments vary considerably in terms of what types of treatments are offered. There are simple one-on-one therapy sessions for teens who suffer from mild depression and other less severe afflictions, all the way to 24-hour treatment centers for teens who suffer from severe psychological issues.

A child, who struggles with drug addictions and severe depression, requires a much more intense treatment program, like that of 24-hour care. This type of child would not benefit from a weekly visit to the therapist, but instead, would benefit from 24-hour psychiatric treatment, provided by a wilderness therapy program.

Anger issues

an·ger/ / is·sue


Anger issues can be classified as either a personal problem or also an emotional disorder through a strong feeling of annoyance, displeasure or hostility.

Anger can be the direct result of an accumulative amount of varying factors. Anger, of course, is an inborn trait, an emotion shared by all human beings. However, there comes a point where the feeling of anger in a person can become a problem. In fact, feeling intense emotions like anger can become an addiction, so much so, that it should be treated with similar severity and professional level of care. When anger becomes uncontrollable or is very frequent, it can cause different problems.

If parents suspect their teen may be suffering from some emotional disorder, the services of a residential treatment center will provide their child with adequate therapeutic restoration to their child.

At - risk teens

n.noun

At-risk teens are demographic used to describe teenagers who develop negative behavioral patterns and suffer in their daily life due to their life's choices. At-Risk Teens are also referred to, perhaps more commonly, as troubled teens.

The parents of teens at risk will usually notice multiple changes in the child. Changes in the at risk teen's behavior may vary from academic struggles, knowingly drawing attention to their emotions and behaviors and arguing with any and all forms of authority. The parents and other loved ones of at-risk teens may feel helpless, afraid, frustrated and sometimes guilty due to the troublesome behaviors of the child. Treatment may be very beneficial for at-risk teens when provided with tools like therapy, appropriate disciplinary structure, and professional guidance.

At-risk teens display out of control behaviors, and that can create a hostile environment for their entire family's living conditions. Due to the hostility and self-sabotaging tendencies of at-risk teens, it is crucial for parents to seek immediate treatment for their child.

Attitude

n.noun

A person’s attitude is how they feel or behave towards the environment and factors of the environment that surround them. An individual’s attitude is the general outlook and true feelings, feelings that may be negative or positive, depending on the specific entity or factor that is in question. Additionally, a person’s attitude will have a direct effect on their behavior towards any situation they engage in every day.

For example, a person can choose to have a positive or negative attitude when dealing with life’s obstacles, and adversities. Contrariwise, an individual can also choose to have a negative attitude when facing hard-to-deal-with situations.

When a person displays a positive attitude towards adversity, that person is more likely to rise to the occasion and overcome whatever difficult circumstances they may have been facing. However, if a person displays a negative attitude during times of duress, that individual is most likely to fail in overcoming their adversity, thus creating even more negative consequence for themselves.

Biology

/bi.ol.ogy/

Biology is the study of living organisms, divided into many specialized fields that cover their morphology, physiology, anatomy, behavior, origin, and distribution. Biology, a fundamental science course, is one of the four core classes of curriculum in high school academics, the other three being mathematics, English and social studies.

Aside from being a mandatory course of high school education, the study of biology is one of the most important practices an individual can partake in.

Thanks to biology, we are able to research different aspects of life that ultimately improves our daily lives. Through its various studies, we are able to research important aspects of life such as, understanding our bodies ( proper nutrition, treating diseases) and understanding our environment (conservationism, harvesting food).

In short, By studying the fundamental characteristics of the world we live in, we are able to further humanity and create a better tomorrow.

Bipolar disorder

/bi.pol.ar/ /dis.or.der/
n.noun

Bipolar disorder, also known as manic-depressive illness, is a brain disorder that causes unusual shifts in mood, energy, activity levels, and the ability to carry out day-to-day tasks. Individuals who suffer from bipolar disorder grapple with severe afflictions and issues. A person suffering from bipolar disorder struggles with extreme, unpredictable mood swings. Moreover, bipolar afflicted individuals will experience the highest of highs followed by the lowest of lows.

Troubled teens, who struggle with bipolar disorder, are at high risk for developing negative behaviors. Due to their erratic and turbulent tendencies, bipolar afflicted teens may experience hardships such as, destroying relationships with loved ones and friends, losing occupational opportunities or their employment altogether, or poor performances in academics. If left untreated, adolescents may develop suicidal thoughts and tendencies that could result in fatal consequences.

Fortunately, bipolar teens are able to receive therapeutic treatment for their severe disorders. With proper medication and therapeutic treatment, individuals who suffer from bipolar disorder are able to live the healthy, productive and fulfilling lives in spite of their mental condition.

Boarding school

/bord.ing/ /school/

n.noun

A boarding school is a school where some or all pupils study and live during the school year with their fellow students and possibly teachers or principals. The word 'boarding' is used in the sense of "bed and board," i.e., lodging and meals. Some boarding schools also have day students who attend the institution by day and return off-campus to their families in the evenings.

Boarding schools have also become a popular choice for parents of troubled adolescents. Specialized boarding schools now provide treatment for troubled teens, who would greatly benefit from receiving 24 hour, 7 days a week, therapeutic treatment.

There are many different types of boarding schools for troubled teens. Among them are residential treatment centers, group homes for troubled teens, and even Christian boarding schools for troubled teens. The most effective type of boarding school for a troubled adolescent greatly varies from student to student and mostly depends on the severity of the child's psychological disorder and the personal beliefs of the parents.

Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD)

adjective dys·mor·phic \dis-ˈmȯr-fik\

BDD is a body-image disorder characterized by persistent and intrusive preoccupations with an imagined or slight defect in one's appearance.

People with BDD can dislike any part of their body, although they often find fault with their hair, skin, nose, chest, or stomach. In reality, a perceived defect may be only a slight imperfection or nonexistent. But for someone with BDD, the flaw is significant and prominent, often causing severe emotional distress and difficulties in daily functioning.

BDD most often develops in adolescents and teens, and research shows that it affects men and women almost equally. About one percent of the U.S. population has BDD.

The causes of BDD are unclear, but certain biological and environmental factors may contribute to its development, including genetic predisposition, neurobiological factors such as malfunctioning of serotonin in the brain, personality traits, and life experiences.

Change pro.cess

n.noun

The change process is a psychology term that refers to the process of transforming one’s negative mental state into a positive one. A change process formerly takes place after an individual engages in some form of psychological treatment.

There are many types of change processes that an individual can undergo. The level of difficulty in attempting a process of change depends on the individual, and what their personal afflictions are, specifically. For example, those who suffer from drug or alcohol dependency issues require the services of a rehabilitative treatment program and significant changes in lifestyle to successfully complete a change process.

Troubled teens are a large demographic who are in need of severe lifestyle changes. Luckily for troubled adolescents and their parents, there are nearly countless options and levels of treatment that cater to teens who are in desperate need of a change process.Change pro.cess

N.noun

Community

The Merriam-Webster dictionary gives several definitions for the word community:

A group of people living in the same locality and under the same government.

b. The district or locality in which such a group lives.

c. A group of people having common interests: the scientific community; the international business community.

Community is a significant factor within the life of an adolescent. A teenager’s family, peers at school and the company they keep around in chosen friends and acquaintances, an adolescent is constantly surrounded by a community. That community is a constant and continuous influence on any teen, so it is crucial for teens to surround themselves with a positive, and nurturing community.

Consequences

n.noun

The Merriam- Webster dictionary provides the following definitions for consequences:
1.the effect, result, or outcome of something occurring earlier:
The accident was the consequence of reckless driving.
2.an act or instance of following something as an effect, result, or outcome.

Teens who act on behaviors that cause self-destructive consequences on a regular basis, are known as at-risk teens, or troubled adolescents. A troubled adolescent is a teen who commits self-sabotaging behaviors over and over again, despite the negative ramifications that their consequences bring. However, it is important for these teens tor realize that some consequences can bring about long lasting, and even life altering ramifications.

For parents of troubled teens, it is crucial for them to convey the severity of their child’s behavior to them as much as possible. If a troubled adolescent still fails to see the seriousness of their behavior, it may be necessary for the parent to seek the services of professional teen recovery solutions, such as residential treatment for troubled teens.

Core Classes

n.noun

Core classes are academic disciplines of study that are mandatory for a person to take and successfully pass to progress in their education, and eventually graduate. Due to the importance of core classes, students should especially concern themselves with learning the concepts and lessons of these classes, as core classes are the foundation of every phase of basic education.

Core classes' minimal requirements of basic education are made up of the following classes:

-history
-social science
-mathematics (pre-algebra, algebra1, geometry and algebra 2,)
-science (earth science, biology, chemistry, physics,)
-language arts (American literature, creative writing).

Core classes are individually made up of levels of varying difficulty. For example, mathematics is a core class that is made up numerous courses a high school student may or may not take within their academic lifetime. While the minimum requirement for a student in mathematics may be set, students are not limited to that level of learning. Moreover, a student can take additional courses that surpass their core curriculums minimum requirement, as well as college courses while still enrolled in high school.

Day Treatment

This is a treatment style in which an individual will attend therapy during the day and return home at night instead of staying at the facility.

Deception

When a person deliberately misleads someone. Often those engaging in substance abuse will try to employ deception to hide their actions from those around them.

Developmental Disorders

These are disorders that impact the mental and physical development of an individual. Often, these result in serious psychological issues.

Drama Therapy

A type of treatment that uses elements of dramatic performance to help individuals deal with mental health problems.

Drug Abuse

/Drug/ /a·buse/
n.noun

Drug abuse is defined as the habitual taking of addictive or illegal drugs. Once considered as a taboo, drug use and abuse is now a rising dangerous and fatal epidemic that affects the entire nation. Drug abuse has made it's way into our youth's pop culture and has destroyed the lives of countless teens. Hard drugs such as, cocaine, heroin, ecstasy, ketamine and methamphetamine are becoming increasingly more popular among teens.

Teens, who participate in drug abuse, are unaware of the long lasting effects and consequences that drug abuse brings. Teens who abuse harmful substances generally have the mindset of " I'm just having fun, I'm not an addict." Drug abusing teens feel as though they are simply participating in a phase of their life where it is acceptable to 'experiment' and they can quit whenever they choose to. This, however is hardly ever the case. Teens who abuse drugs as adolescents are only preparing to live the life of a drug addicted adult.

If teens, who abuse drugs, don't receive proper treatment, their lives will eminently deteriorate and fall to shambles. Not receiving proper rehabilitative treatment will exponentially increase a drug addicted teen's chances of dying at an early age. Parents can trust in the services of residential treatment for rehabilitating their addicted child.

Eating Disorders

eat·ing/ /dis·or·der/

The definition of an eating disorder is as follows: ' a wide variety of psychological disorders involving characteristics or habits related irregular eating patterns.'

Whether a person suffering from an eating disorder displays the characteristics of an eating disorder by eating too much or too little, it is a condition that may be life-threatening. Moreover, a person, suffering from an eating disorder should seek immediate, professional, psychiatric therapy.

Eating disorders typically become an issue after an individual develops a negative, often distorted, self-image. This low-self image motivates the affected person to change their eating habits in an extreme, unhealthy way. This person may then develop habits such as food binging, starving, or forcing themselves to throw up after a meal.

Eating disorders are difficult to overcome and pose a life-threatening threat to the affected individual. However, this condition can be treated. .In conjunction with professional, psychiatric treatment, an individual may overcome their eating disorder.

Emotional Health

n.noun

Emotional health is a psychological term that refers to a person's emotional well-being, and the status, good or bad, of their mental state. Emotional health is often overlooked because it can be difficult, at times, to diagnose those who suffer from various ailments.

An individual’s mental state of well-being. Like physical health, emotional health can be damaged and requires professional and clinical treatment. Moreover, if a person’s mental health is damaged, the afflicted individual should treat their malady like they would a physical one and seek medical treatment immediately.

Psychological treatment can provide adults and children, who suffer from poor emotional health, with the foundation of rehabilitative fundamentals necessary for achieving a full recovery.

Teens who display negative behavioral patterns often suffer from a poor state of emotional health. As a parent, it is necessary to know when their child is acting out because they are unable to deal properly with internal stress. Fortunately for parents of troubled teens who suffer from emotional well-being, there are nearly countless treatment options for them to utilize;

Extracurricular Activities

n.noun

Mariam Webster's Dictionary defines extracurricular activity as, ‘an educational or productive activity not falling within the scope of the regular curriculum.’ In other words, these activities are ones that a student engages in that do not pertain to their education directly. However, extracurricular activities are important endeavors to include oneself into in order better one's productivity and well-being. While these activities do not directly impact the integrity of one’s education, they can certainly be used to improve the overall well-being of an individual, thus improving their overall educational experience.

Extracurricular activities are numerous and vary significantly in type. Activities such as, playing a musical instrument, joining a social club, or playing a sport are all forms in which a student can engage in extracurricular activities. Regardless of which avenue chosen, extracurricular activities are healthy commitments for a student to pursue actively.

Family-style environment

n.noun 

Family-style environment programs are a form of treatment for troubled teens that offer behavioral treatment within the confines of a home-like, environmental setting. The intentions of these facilities is to offer treatment to teens in a familiar, and non-intimidating environment so that the adolescent may be more susceptible to their levels of psychiatric treatment.

Programs that implement a family-styled environment are effective and resourceful, for many reasons. Firstly, these programs provide psychiatric assistance to troubled teens, while maintaining a comfortable and safe environment, feel for teens. The more relaxed and comfortable a suffering teen is, the more available they will be to receive effective treatment.

Family-style environments have additional, supplementary affects as well. A troubled teen who partakes in the psychiatric treatments of the family-styled facility will learn invaluable lessons on how to appropriately deal with stressful scenarios, differences with others, and properly express their emotions.

In short, a family-style environment, such as residential treatment, is effective ‘practice’ for troubled teens in need of therapeutic restoration. 

FamilyTherapy

n.noun

Family therapy is a type of psychotherapy that psychologically treats families, encouraging them to undergo a productive change in dynamic. Moreover, family therapy is exclusively conducted under the supervision of a professional, credited psychotherapist.

Family therapy was created to address issues plague the dynamic of family members. Problems with communications are mainly at fault when issues among family member arise. Family therapy sessions are designed to help family members communicate with one another in a proactive and effective manner.

Family therapy also addresses underlying issuers that may be beneath the surface in a family’s dynamic. By identifying these underlying issues, a family therapist is able to pinpoint family members issues and further eradicate the problem at its source.

 

Goals

n.noun

A goal is a desired result a person or a system envisions, plans and commits to achieve a personal or organizational desired end-point in some sort of assumed development. Generally speaking, a person endeavors to complete this goal within an allotted amount of time, set personally, or by an authority (teacher, boss, parent, etc.).

There are different types of goals with varying levels of importance and time allotted to complete. For example, an important goal would be attempting to complete a task in school, which if not completed, would result in the individual failing the class. While this goal would be considered a 'short-term' goal, the outcome is critical for the individual's personal success.

While not every goal is absolutely critical for an individual's personal success, consistency, to complete set goals, is crucial for building self-worth and self-confidence. If a teen allows failure of completing assigned, prearranged goals to become habitual, they may develop a mindset of low self-worth and feel as if they are a failure. Contrariwise, a teen who consistently completes goals, whether personally assigned or appointed by authority, are able to develop a self-worth of high self-esteem, further developing their self-confidence and improving their chances of future success.

 

High|school

hī/ sko͞ol/


n.noun

High school is a crucial phase of a student’s formal education which includes the grades 9-12. High school is critical as it is used to prepare students for life after the time of adolescence. Students who actively participate in their studies and lessons during high school are significantly at an advantage over those who fail to see the significance of this crucial time.

During their studies in high school, a student will learn the knowledge is necessary for living a productive, fully-functioning adult lifestyle. Additionally, those who graduate high school are given much more opportunities than those who fail to graduate. For this reason, it is imperative for students who are actively participating in high school to realize the severity of their studies and what kind of ramifications high school has on their future.

History

(hĭs′tə-rē)


n.noun

History is an educational course of study of formal education. As it is one of the core classes, students must successfully participate in and pass History class for that student to graduate or progress in their academic studies.

History class is an often overlooked, but critical portion of any student’s course of studies. History class is a vital education that opens the world's past cultures and knowledge to students around the world. As the old adage goes: ‘ Those who do not know their culture’s history are destined to repeat the past mistakes of their culture.’ For this reason, it is imperative for a culture’s future leaders to be well-versed in their history so that they can improve their society while avoiding detrimental consequences of their forefathers if possible.

Impulse Control

n.noun

The medical dictionary provides readers with the following definition of impulse control :  “The Psychology The degree to which a person can control the desire for immediate gratification or other; impulse control may be the single most important indicator of a person's future adaptation in terms of number of friends, school performance, and future employment.”

Impulse control is perhaps the most significant issue that plagues teens today. Without effective impulse control, a teen is at risk of engaging in harmful and reckless behaviors that could result in dire consequences. Troubled teens are a large demographic of adolescents who struggle with impulse control and require treatment to effectively and safely make a change for the better.

When a troubled teenage girl is unable to control her behaviors and urges to follow through with risky decisions, this more often than not, results in detrimental consequences for the teen.

Intensive Psychiatric Treatment

n.noun

Intensive psychiatric treatment can be described as the personal treatment given to an individual who suffers from a mental sickness or illness in a way that is very thorough or vigorous. Intensive psychiatric treatment, although specialized, is subjective and unique to particular systems and facilities that provide treatment. In other words, intensive treatment that may work for one type of person, may not be the most appropriate style of treatment for others.

Intensive psychiatric treatments are necessary for individuals who suffer from mental and behavioral disorders. Moreover, those who suffer consequences and personal loss due to their behaviors or mental condition are in need of immediate psychiatric treatment that is specialized for their personal, behavioral and mental afflictions.

Intervention

in(t)ərˈven(t)SH(ə)n/

n.noun

An intervention is a process of intervening in a person’s negative behavioral pattern. The intentions of intervening in the life of a person are so that they can overcome their negative thought process and cease to act on negative behaviors. Additionally, interventions are common actions loved ones act on if an individual is addicted to harmful substances or behaviors.

An intervention can come in many forms. By simply sitting an individual down and discussing their self-destructive behaviors and how these behaviors are effecting them is just one way a person can intervene. However, some individuals with severe mental or behavioral disorders may need more of an intense approach to intervention, such as seeking professional treatment for their self-destructive tendencies.

James - Lang Theory of Emotion

 

James-Lange Theory of Emotion was posed by both James and Lang at approximately the same time (hence the name James-Lange) and suggests emotions are a consequence of our physiological responses to external stimuli followed by identification of the emotion by examining the physical responses.

So, some external stimulus produces a physiological response in your body. Then, you examine this physiological response and identify the emotion you are experiencing based on the physiological response. For example, you see a bear in the woods, and you begin to tremble. You then identify the fact that you are trembling and conclude that you are afraid..."I am trembling, therefore I am afraid."

Judgement

 

Judgement is a term that refers to the process by which people make decisions and form conclusions based on available information and material combined with mental activity (thought) and experience. This is a trait that develops with education, training and experience and that causes a person to make the best possible choices in a given situation.

Knowledge Management

 

Knowledge Management refers to the array of practices and strategies that are used to identify, create, represent, distribute and enable adoption of insights and experiences. Unlike information management (computer-related and stored information), knowledge management refers to the transmission, use, and management of human knowledge and experiences.

This area of organizational management focuses on improving performance, competitive advantage innovation and general organizational improvements. Knowledge management, unlike computerized information management, takes advantage of the human dimension of experience, insight, planning, and other factors that are beyond the scope of mere stored information.

 

Language Disorder

A developmental problem that impacts a person's ability to use language.

Learning styles

/learn.ing/ /Style/
n.noun

Learning styles are different ways that a person can learn. It's commonly believed that most people favor some particular method of interacting with, taking in, and processing stimuli or information. As no one person is the same, their methods of most effectively taking in knowledge should also be unique to the individual. What methods work for certain people, may not necessarily suit the learning needs of others.

Teens greatly differ from one another in terms of learning styles and processing information. Adolescents are living in a time where they are trying to figure out who they are as an individual. During adolescence, teens discover their own unique identity, as a result, teens consequently learn to process information separately from one another.

While some teen's prefer learning through reading and studying, others require experiential education to effectively learn new information. Moreover, educating professionals should be well equipped in dealing with individual student's needs, rather than force students to learn through ways that don't suit their specific, learning needs.

Residential treatment centers are aware of the importance of providing troubled teens with unique, effective treatment that best suits the teen as an individual. By offering various methods of learning, teens are able to figure out which type of learning is most effective for their learning needs.

Lifelong Learning

/life.long/ /learn.ing/

Lifelong learning is the ongoing, voluntary, and self-motivated pursuit of knowledge for either personal or professional reasons. Therefore, it not only enhances social inclusion, active citizenship, and personal development, but also self-sustainability, rather than competitiveness and employability.

By choosing to continuously learn, well after traditional education is completed, individuals who practice lifelong learning are constantly evolving and growing as a person. By constantly seeking for additional knowledge, a person is able to open their mind and experience all aspects of life, rather than settle for whatever they have already achieved. By growing and furthering intellect, an individual is able to share their knowledge, bettering the human experience in the process.

Lifelong learning, or constantly expanding one's knowledge is essential for building a better tomorrow. For example, if a generation collectively thirsted for and sought out additional knowledge, they would be consciously choosing to break down the barriers of close-mindedness, ensuring our future would be a time acceptance, understanding and peace. Contrariwise, a generation of stunted, intellectual development would bring about intolerance, ignorance and chaos, much of what we already see today.

MaladaptiveBehavior

adj.

Maladaptive behavior is a psychiatric term used to describe a person who engages and acts on self-destructive behavioral patterns. Those who are afflicted with maladaptive behavior are individuals who do not see reality for what it is or simply do not care that their way of thinking is flawed.

Typically, those who display maladaptive behaviors hold onto false beliefs or attitudes, no matter how much evidence shows they are actively choosing to act self-destructively. It should also be known that those who display these negative behavioral tendencies are in need of immediate therapeutic intervention.

Unfortunately, maladaptive behavior is a disorder that plagues millions of troubled teens. However, there are many therapeutic programs that offer substantial psychiatric treatments to those afflicted. Moreover, residential treatment programs are the most effective choice for suffering teenage girls.

Maturity

n.noun

When pertaining to the human mind, maturity is a term that describes a person’s capability regarding making choices best suited for their social surroundings, as well as future well being. Maturity is an attribute that can be built, improved upon, and forever changing within the mind of any individual.

A person who possess an adequate maturity level will make decisions based on what is best for their future, as opposed to simply choosing the easy route. Maturity is learned and further developed as a person progresses in age, rather than being something that is purely instinctual. Additionally, there are those who seem to be naturally more mature than others, however, maturity can always be something a person improves upon.

Troubled teens are a young demographic that generally lack an adequate level of maturity that is necessary for living a functional, adult lifestyle. Troubled teens are simply interested in their own well-being and prefer instant gratification over long-term consequences.

Mental Disorder

men·tal/ /dis·or·der/

n.noun

Merriam-Webster defines mental disorders as : a mental or bodily condition marked primarily by sufficient disorganization of personality, mind, and emotions to seriously impair the normal psychological functioning of the individual—called also mental illness.

Troubled teens are a large demographic who suffer from one or more mental disorders. Typical disorders among trouble teens include, autism, anxiety, depression, attention deficit disorder, borderline personality, and other antisocial, debilitating afflictions. Troubled teens are also susceptible to suffering from mental conditions such as eating disorders like, bulimia and anorexia.

When a troubled teen suffers from a mental disorder, they are often misunderstood and feel as though no one understands what they are personally suffer from. After a teen feels as thought no one understands them, it can alienate them from the rest of of the world, which increases the likelihood of them engaging in harmful, self-sabotaging activities. Moreover, it is imperative for parents of troubled teens to be aware of possible mental disorders within their teen, and seek appropriate treatment for their child.

Motivation

n.noun

A person’s motivation is the attitude or reasoning they implement so that they can engage in some activity or personal endeavor. A person’s motivation is personal and can lead them to a life of productivity or personal self-destruction. A person who is motivated to accomplish goals that promote positive consequences lives a life of personal success. Contrariwise, a person who acts on self-sabotaging behaviors is setting themselves up for personal failure and is need of a significant, personal change.

Everybody has motivations. These motivations range from the mundane and biological level, (like the need to get out of bed, eat or drink etc.), to higher levels of motivation that can bring a person to a level of personal success, ( studying hard in school, working hard at work etc.)

Negative beliefs

/neg.a.tive/ /be.liefs/

n.noun 

A negative belief is a thought, or system of thoughts, that negatively affects an individual's life. Simply put, negative beliefs are those limiting beliefs about oneself or any aspect of a life, that prevents them from achieving success.

Negative beliefs are prevalent among troubled teenage boys and girls. Troubled teens create their own reality. Their negative thought process allows them to consciously view the world through a filter of unrealistic negativity. Troubled adolescents view all authority as their enemy, consequently alienating them from functioning society. In their mind, a troubled teen is the only one who possesses the answers, and everyone else is wrong. It is this problematic and faulty line of thinking that, in turn, enables troubled teens to consistently choose to make poor choices, in spite of the overwhelming harmful ramifications that ensue.

For parents of troubled teens who have developed a negative mindset, there are treatment options to consider. Residential treatment can assist troubled teens in developing a positive mindset.

NegativeBeliefs

n.noun 

A negative belief is a thought that negatively impacts the individual and causes them to act in anti-social behavior. While it is safe to say that all humans suffer from at least one negative level of thinking regarding their surroundings, making negative thinking a habit is severely detrimentalal for a person’s emotional, mental and even physical health.

Negative beliefs limit a person’s overall quality of life and can isolate them from a large portion of society. it is no surprise that troubled teens are a demographic of people who have distanced themselves from society, due to their ignorant level of thinking. While the teen may shrug off this notion as an annoying factor that only authority figures point out, acting in such anti-social behaviors can ultimately destroy their lives. Moreover, it is crucial and absolutely necessary for parents to eliminate any ignorant or self-destructive thought patterns their child may engage in. While it is not always possible to completely intervene, making an effort and being a positive role model is always productive.

Troubled adolescents view all authority as their enemy. This, unfortunately, cuts them off from functioning society. Troubled teens can make it very difficult to persuade as they tend to view all opinions of those trying to help as stupid. Fortunately there is hope for parents of such a child. Troubled teen professionals can assist their child into effectively and permanently changing their negative thought patterns. 

Obsessive - Compulsive Disorder

 

An anxiety disorder where individuals are unable to stop thinking the same thoughts or performing the same tasks over and over again. A common obsessive-compulsive disorder is frequent hand washing. Individuals attempt to alleviate their fear or anxiety by performing certain rituals (e.g.., washing hands 63 times before leaving the house). These rituals are to the extent that they have trouble carrying on with their daily activities.

Peer Culture

n.noun

A peer culture is an individual’s immediate community who they interact with on a one-to-one level. An example of a peer culture would be a student and the classmates who they interact with on a day-to-day basis. A person’s peer culture is made up of people who share their similar age, interests, and social status. A peer group is a vital part of any person’s life. Additionally, this group of people will surely have an impact on their life, as well as an influence on their behaviors and activities they choose to engage in, socially.

A peer culture can have a strenuous impact on a person's life as well. An individual who is not accepted by their peer culture can be devastating and end up alienating that individual from the rest of their social class.

In short, it is imperative for a person not to let their peer culture control every aspect of their life, rather, be a nurturing aspect of their life. A person must use their peer culture as a support system, rather than a stress that weighs on their psyche and causes them to act abnormally.

Poor Grades

n.noun

Poor grades refer to a student’s inability to achieve adequate marks in school. Poor grades are a significant issue for a student, as this will most likely result in negative ramifications for that student’s future.

A poor grade is a substandard academic performance, which may result in varying consequence for different students. Additionally, A poor grade may be the result of many personal factors of an individual student. These factors include the student’s ability to learn, as well as their motivational drive. While there are many students who legitimately suffer from learning disorders, there are many students who simply, lack the drive it takes to succeed in academics. For students who are simply struggling due to their laziness, it is important they apply themselves to the best of their ability in the future, as this portion of adolescence greatly effects the quality of their lives.

Poor grades prove to be a continuous and prevalent issue among troubled teens. Troubled teens rarely receive poor grades due to their lack of cognitive prowess. Generally speaking, troubled teens are fully capable of earning sufficient grades in academics, but consciously choose not to put forth the necessary effort needed to do so.

Fortunately for troubled teens, troubled adolescent rehabilitative services such as, residential treatment centers, therapeutic boarding schools and group homes for troubled teens, as well as wilderness therapy programs offer grade restoration for those who have failed to earn adequate marks in school.

Positive Life Choices

/päzədiv/  /līf/ /CHoisez/

n.noun

Positive life changes are decisions a person acts on an in order to promote positive change within their life. Moreover, a positive life choice can come in varying forms that range in severity. It can be as simple as walking to work instead of driving in order to boost physical health, or quitting an addiction to save that individual’s life, a positive choice is a personal one. However small, it should be noted that any positive, lifestyle changes will promote productivity in an individual's life.

Positive life changes range from small, easy, life fixes, to complete lifestyle changes. If a person is morbidly overweight, then their first plan of action may be to eat less or exercise more regularly. Lifestyle changes such as these, are minor, subtle changes. However, The more frequent an individual acts on these kinds of choices, the more of an impact these lifestyle changes can have on the entirety of that individual’s lifestyle.

Powerlessness

pow.er.less.ness
ˈ
adj.

Powerlessness is a psychological term used to describe one’s inability to succeed in certain areas of their life. For instance, an addict may feel as though they are powerless over whatever their drug of choice is, even though it continues to destroy their life.

Powerlessness Is a psychological term often used by mental health professionals to describe a person's lack of control over a negative aspect of their life. Additionally, powerlessness is most commonly used within the psychological field of alcohol and drug treatment.

There are many rectifying and effective treatments for troubled teens who suffer due to their powerlessness over negative aspects of their life. Moreover, a treatment option, such as residential treatment, may be the most effective option for a powerless teen.

PreAlgebra

n.noun

Pre-Algebra is a discipline of study in mathematics. Pre-algebra is typically taken while in middle school or taught as early as the 2nd grade for students who are mathematically inclined. Additionally, pre-algebra has an age limit requirement for those who are homeschooled. The years in which a homeschooled student can participate in pre-algebra is between the ages of 8-17.

Pre-algebra is a preparatory course that is part of the core curriculum for any student in the US. A core class is a mandatory course of education, which every student must participate in and successfully pass to graduate. Due to its status as mandatory, minimum requirement, Pre-algebra is a course of great significance.

Pre-algebra is also a useful tool for preparing students for the greater level of difficulty they will face in the future, as pre-algebra is the foundation of learning for advanced mathematics. The main focus of Pre-algebra is to teach students about numbers that fall between the basic four (addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division) and algebra. Pre-algebra even includes some geometry, although most schools break geometry into a separate course.

Proactive Mind Set

n.noun

A proactive mindset is one's ability act proactively as opposed to reactively. A person who is proactive will do what needs to be done in the moment they see an obstacle, as opposed to letting that obstacle deter them in the future. A proactive person makes decisions that will provide positive repercussions in their future.

make proactive decisions as opposed to reactive decisions. A proactive mind will control a situation by doing something about it, rather than waiting for them to take place. A proactive mind is always thinking of the future. If an individual has a proactive mindset, they will prepare and work on ways in which they can improve their future.

Unfortunately, troubled teens tend to struggle implementing a proactive mindset. Rather than think of what the future holds, they live in the 'here and now.' Troubled adolescents only care about how they feel at the moment, and, therefore, are unlikely to be prepared for obstacles and adversities hat lie ahead. Due to their lack of concern for their future, troubled teens are more susceptible to negative behaviors that provide instant gratification, even if that instant gratification destroys prospects and opportunities that may lie ahead.

Qualitative Method

 

Qualitative Method refers to a study in which the scientist collects non-numerical data. These studies have no right or wrong answers. For example, a test that requires a person to tell stories about pictures (TAT test) is a qualitative test. A math test is numerical and does have right or wrong answers, so it is not a qualitative test. Behaviorists that only observe behavior without manipulating or interacting with it are also taking qualitative data.

 

Reactive Attachment Disorder

n.noun

Reactive attachment disorder (RAD) is a fairly rare, but nonetheless, severe emotional disorder, that should be treated with appropriate, professional care. RAD is a condition that actually starts during the earliest years of a human's development. RAD is prevalent in infants who were not given proper loving treatment in their first months living.

Those who suffer from reactive attachment disorder, are commonly misunderstood, and can even appear to lack human empathy or other personable emotions. However, this is only the appearance of those who suffer from RAD and completely superficial observations by those who do not know them.

People suffering from RAD, are traumatized individuals. RAD is the result of an individual suffering mistreatment, early on in their developmental lives. Additionally, afflicted individuals build a social ‘exterior,’ which is created with the intentions of keeping people ‘out.’ Moreover, a person suffering from RAD builds this social exterior, as a defense mechanism, or as preventative measures so that they cannot feel the same neglect as they once have.

Rebellious Behavior

n.noun

Rebellious behavior is an anti-social behavior that a person displays earn they show attitude, or action that opposes or undermines any type of authority. An individual who displays rebellious behavior views they are justified, and do not feel that they are wrong in their oppositional tendencies, as they see authority as oppressive.

Rebelliousness is a natural, human response which everyone experiences at one point or another. However, these behaviors can become out of control, alienating the individual from functional society. Furthermore, Rebellious behavior is a prevalent issue amongst troubled teens.

Troubled teens typically view authority figures as their enemy and may feel as though they do not need to comply with any rules or regulations that authority figures may establish. . Troubled adolescents don't view parents setting boundaries as a way of keeping them safe. Instead, these teens view their parents as unfair tyrants or oppressors who only want to get in the way of the teen from having fun. It is this flawed way of thinking that influences a troubled adolescent to rebel against parents and authority figures with regularity.

Relapse

n.noun

A relapse is when an individual chooses to act on negative behavior that they have previously determined to quit engaging in due to self-destructive consequences that action had on their life. An example of a personal relapse would be if an individual who overcame drug addiction chose to engage in drug abuse even though they have personally overcome that harmful activity.

Unfortunately, relapsing is always a possibility for those who have recovered from a self-sabotaging behavior, regardless of personal integrity, strength or intentions. The more an individual who is in recovery is aware of this fact, the more likely they will be able to stray away from the past's, self-destructive behavioral patterns. However, if a person who has recovered from a substance or other harmful addiction, simply acts as though they are impervious to ever relapsing, they are more likely to do so in the future.

Relationship

Relationships are a personal bond that is shared between at least two separate individuals. This personal bond can be very intimate, such as the bond shared between husband and wife, or impersonal as the bond shared between boss and employee.

Relationships are an absolute factor in terms of living a productive, healthy lifestyle. Without relationships, a person is naturally depressed as humans are a social creature, in need of socializing with those around them. If a person fails to build relationships, they are most likely to suffer from severe depression.

While the development of a long lasting relationship that results in positive, personal outcome, it is equally important to abstain from negative relationships. For instance, a teen who chooses to develop a negative relationship with a negatively influential peer is at risk of participating in risky, sometimes severely dangerous behaviors.  Whether they are engaging in negative activities with a girlfriend, peer or perhaps even a close family member, negative relationships can derail, and even destroy an adolescent's life.

A teen who consistently engages in the development of negative relationships, they are almost certainly engaging in the same activities as their chosen partner. For this reason, it is imperative for parents to intervene, and if need be, seek the professional services of troubled teen therapy. 

Residential Treatment Centers

n.noun

Residential treatment centers are specialized healthcare facilities for those who suffer from psychological disorders or display continuous behavioral issues. Residential treatment programs serve both children and adults, men and women, who suffer from disorders such as, bipolar disorder, reactive attachment disorder, ADD, mild to severe depression, and those who suffer from chemical dependency.

Residential treatment programs have become increasingly popular among parents of troubled teens. When a parent is at a loss in terms of how to control their child out of control behaviors, or they are concerned about their child’s mental stability, it is appropriate for that parent to seek professional assistance known as, behavioral therapy for troubled teens. While there are many different kinds of treatment options for parents to choose from, residential treatment therapy is one of the most popular choices.

There are many different styles of therapeutic practices and models of treatment by which residential treatment centers choose to treat effectively adolescents in restoring their lives. For this reason, it is imperative that parents thoroughly investigate, and treatment options before making a firm decision on the best treatment option for their child. 

School Refusal

Teens who are suffering from school refusal issues often exhibit a range of signs and symptoms and their refusal to go to school typically has an underlying mental or emotional cause. The School Refusal issue often results in teens dropping out of school and facing a bleak future. Early intervention is crucial for helping teens overcome their phobias and anxiety so they can pursue their education.

Science

ˈsīəns/

n.noun

Science is defined as, ' the intellectual and practical activity encompassing the systematic study of the structure and behavior of the physical and the natural world through observation and experiment.' In regards to a student’s formal education, however, science is one of the five core courses of their basic educational curriculum.

Since science is considered to be part of a student’s core curriculum, it is a mandatory course that all students must take and pass to graduate or progress in their formal educational studies. If a student fails to meet the standards of the minimal requirements needed in science, that student is subject to be held back in their current level of education, until they can successfully pass the class.

Self-Defeating Behaviors

n.noun

Self-defeating behaviors are any action a person commits, that brings about negative ramifications within their life. The reasoning for why a person would act on a self-defeating bedavior varies. Typically however, a person acts on a self-destructive behavior because it the most enjoyable of choices at the moment.

The adolescent mind has a difficult time filtering decisions based on what is good for them, and acting on decisions that bring about instant gratification. Unfortunately, self-defeating behaviors are often easier, and more instantly gratifying behaviors to act on, rather than proactive, long-term gratifying actions.

Choosing to act on choices that result in bettering the longevity of one's life, as opposed to their present situation, often requires diligence. It is for this reason troubled teens often act on self-destructive behavior patterns. For parents of troubled teens, it is crucial to steer their child away from self-destruction, and seek treatment options if need be.

Self-esteem

n. noun

Self-esteem is defined as, ‘the way an individual views and feels about themselves. An individual's self- esteem also pertains to how well they do certain activities and skills that are important to them. ‘

A low self-esteem can be a contributing factor to an adolescent’s misbehavior. In fact, my At-risk teens possess a low-esteem. When a teenager has a low self-worth, they are susceptible to making self-destructive choices, such as substance abuse.

When concerning the mins of an adolescent, what other’s view and/or think, are significant factors in a teen’s self assessment. If an adolescent struggles with the burdens of low self-image, they may feel as though they are worthless, which in turn, causes severe depression. Moreover, teens who suffer from a low-self esteem should undergo some form of psychiatric treatment.

Selfishness

Merriam- Webster's Dictionary defines selfishness as, being concerned excessively or exclusively with oneself: seeking or concentrating on one's advantage, pleasure, or well-being without regard for others.

It is normal to think of yourself as a primary concern, however, if a person shows a lack of basic human empathy, it is likely that there is an underlying issue contributing to their selfish behavior. When a person becomes isolated from their peers, they tend to become depressed, or unfulfilled, further increasing their chances of falling victim to harmful and, sometimes fatal, consequences.

As many parents can attest, adolescents are naturally selfish to a certain degree. However, troubled teens are particularly selfish in their actions and overall lack of concern for those around them. Furthermore, it is crucial for parents to identify these traits and seek appropriate, mental health treatment for their child. 

Social Studies

sōSHəl/ˈstədē/


n.noun

The U.S. American National Council for the Social Studies defines social studies as, ‘integrated study of the social sciences and humanities to promote civic competence.’ Social studies, or social sciences, is one of the five courses that make up the ‘core curriculum,’ in the academics of high school studies. Since it is one of the core classes, Social Studies is a mandatory course that must be passed by all students to progress onto the following grade, as well as graduate from high school.

As previously mentioned, Social Studies is one of the five core courses that is taught in all phases of a person’s basic education: elementary, middle school and high school. Social studies teach a broad spectrum of important cultural subjects such as sociology, political science, history, economics, religious studies, geography, psychology, anthropology, and civics.

Although Social Studies is typically a course, overlooked in favor of the likes of mathematics or science core classes, it is a class that has invaluable lessons for our students to learn. Moreover, Social Studies is what connects our students to the cultures, and appreciation of those cultures, on a global level.

Suicidal ideation

Suicidal ideation is train of thought, or thought process one engages in that pertains to the fantasy or planning of committing suicide. A person who engages in suicidal ideation is one who obsessively thinks about or fantasizes about killing themselves, for a variety of different reasons. Suicidal ideation can mean the individual is simply fantasizing about what life would be like if they were to kill themselves, all the way to actively and seriously planning an opportunity of suicide.

A person, who suffers from suicidal ideation, may not even be serious or ever consider acting on their suicidal train of thought. However, no matter how serious a person is in their intentions, suicidal ideation is very unhealthy and can lead to much more significant consequences down the road. A person who suffers from the constant thoughts of suicide are no doubt in need of therapeutic restoration and are more than likely suffering from severe depression.

Parents of a teen who seems to be fixated on suicide or the notion of acting on suicidal tendency, need to take immediate action in locating the most appropriate level of psychiatric care for their child.

Support (environmental)

A person’s support, in terms of their environment, is a group of people who are closest to them, who are there to help if they are in need of assistance of any kind. A person’s system of support is there for them physically, as well as emotionally. Furthermore, a person’s level of support is made up by family members and close friends.

While having others there for your personal needs is crucial for a living, an individual’s choice of who makes up that group is not always positive and can cause that person significant harm. Troubled teens are often a victim of choosing poor supporters, and victimize themselves by participating in negative behaviors that their ‘friends’ are engaging in. While having a negative influence may seem like an annoyance to parents, the wrong influential individual can result in fatal consequences for their child.

To ensure their child’s safety from the harms of negative influences, it is imperative that they are personally there to support their child. However, supporting a troubled child does not mean to bail constantly them out of trouble, or rescue them from choices they have made. This type of 'support' will only further enable a troubled adolescent out of control behaviors. Genuine support, however, would be to seek professional, therapeutic treatment for a child. There are nearly countless treatment options that specialize in treating troubled children, such as residential treatment for troubled teens.

Therapeutic Needs

(thĕr′ə-pyo͞o′tĭk)  (nēdz)

n.noun

Therapeutic needs are necessary therapeutic requirements of a person that need to be met for them to overcome psychological issues. Therapeutic needs are different and unique to individual’s personally, but require the assistance of a psychiatric professional, or possibly even 24-hour, live-in care.

Troubled teens are a large demographic who have therapeutic needs that must be met. Troubled teens display out of control behaviors due to underlying issues that rage underneath the surface. While troubled teens may act out in total rebellion, on the inside, they are in desperate need of therapeutic restoration.

Luckily for troubled adolescents and their families, there are nearly countless options that are designed to treat specifically their needs and assist them in overcoming whatever psychological malady they are personally suffering from, individually.

Treatment

/trētmənt/ 

n.noun

Treatment can be described as, ‘Medical care given to a patient with an illness or injury.’ Treatment can involve treating an individual physically, as well as mentally, both involving clinical care provided by professional and licensed caregivers.

When a person suffers a physical malady (sickness, injury, etc.), they are inclined to pursue the treatment of doctors at a hospital or clinic. Similarly, a person who suffers from a mental disorder should also seek immediate treatment for their affliction and treat their condition as they would a physical injury. However, since mental disorders are not always apparent and may be hidden, an individual may fail to seek the treatment that is necessary for their condition to improve.

In terms of treatment for troubled adolescents, there are numerous avenues in which they can receive treatment that they require. Additionally, It is crucial for parents of a troubled teen to actively seek treatment that best suits the needs of their child's negative behaviors.

Treatment Method

ˈ/trētmənt/ /meTHəds/

n.noun

Treatment methods are the form of methods used in any specific type of treatment under the supervision of a licensed professional. Additionally, there are many different types of treatment methods designed to treat various behavioral disorders.

In terms of treatment of the behavioral patterns of troubled teens, treatment methods are crucial in assisting adolescents in changing their thought patterns to best suit the future of their lives. Additionally, there are nearly countless treatment programs that are designed to assist teens in making a change for the better. Since there are a significant amount of treatment options for parents of a teen to consider, there are also a significant amount of varying treatment methods in which these facilities utilize.

Parents of troubled teens who are seeking the professional assistance of troubled teen professional treatment need to be aware of varying styles of treatments that are out there. Being well-versed in what kind of treatment methods are available will ensure that parents choose the most effective type of treatment for their child.

Underlying issues

/un.der.ly.ing/ /iss.ues/

n.noun 

Underlying issues are those matters that are the causative agents for human behavior. They are hidden under many layers of emotions and other mental processes and are not easily discerned by the casual onlooker. (often times, they are not readily known by an individual either).

Underlying issues are sometimes difficult to diagnose, and therefore are difficult to treat Moreover, teens who are displaying negative behaviors because of hidden, underlying issues, will not be able to achieve therapeutic restoration without the services of a therapeutic professional.

To ensure a troubled adolescent's therapeutic restoration, parents can trust the therapeutic restorative services of a residential treatment program.

 

 

Values

n.noun

A person’s values are a set of particular moral codes by which they choose to live by. A person who adheres to a high standard of personal values, can expect to have more opportunities than those who do not live by a set of high values. High values include attriubutes such as, work ethic, integrity, honesty, and respect.

Setting high values also means to abstain from self-destructive behaviors or other actions that could negatively impact a person’s life., The ability to stay away from self-destructive behavior is critical to an individual success in achieving a life of productivity.

Unfortunately, troubled teens fail to set high values in which to live by. When a teen continuously fails to implement a structural code of morals, they are subject to acting on self-destructive behaviors that may have long-lasting, sometimes permanent, consequences.

Wellness

 

Wellness is a term that refers to an optimum level of health and fitness that allows an individual to function actively and fully over the full range of life activities; physical, emotional, spiritual, social, intellectual and environmental. Maintaining a state of wellness includes proper eating and sleeping habits, regular exercise, avoiding substance use/abuse, etc.

 

Xenophobia

 

Xenophobia is a term that refers to a generalized and irrational dislike, fear or hatred of outsiders or persons who are of different cultures or ethnic groups. This level of fear or hatred goes beyond average prejudice or racism ( traits that use convenient beliefs, arguments and/or stereotypes for justification), and usually has no real explanation for its existence. 

Yerkes - Dodson Law Of Arousal

 

The Yerkes-Dodson Law of Arousal, also known as Arousal Theory, states that an organism's performance can be improved if that organism is aroused in some manner. However, if the level of arousal increases too much, performance decreases. Of course, this level is different in everyone.

An example of this is an athlete who performs better under real game situation than he/she does during practice games. There is more arousal (stress, excitement) during the real games which increases their performance. But, if the pressure becomes too much, their performance can decrease (e.g., missing an easy shot with time running out and losing the game -- choking!)

Zone Of Proximal Development

 

Zone of Proximal Development is the range of tasks that are too difficult for a person to learn alone, but can be learned with guidance from someone with experience in the task. This term was developed by Vygotsky as part of his theory on child development.

The zone has a lower limit: things that are difficult but possible for a child to learn alone, and an upper limit: things that a child cannot yet learn, even with assistance from an adult. For a toddler, an example of the lower limit might be putting shaped pegs into similarly shaped holes. An example of the upper limit might be adding and subracting two-digit numbers.